Borneol is a terpene in cannabis that plays a major role in traditional Chinese medicine. Commonly referred to as moxa, this terpenoid was used in China as early as the 1600's to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, lower anxiety, and cure heart disease. To this day, researchers continue to learn more about the medical promise that borneol has to offer, and recent studies have shed light on borneol's potential as a neuroprotectant, antioxidant, and drug potentiator. � It would be easy to dismiss borneol's medicinal capabilities as "too good to be true", �considering that it can be used to treat multiple different ailments, but research continues to confirm that this terpenoid has powerful healing abilities. Borneol has the unique ability to reduce both pain and inflammation. A study completed in 2013 showed that this terpene produces a significant reduction of nociceptive pain while also displaying anti-inflammatory activity in mice. Unlike other medications used to treat pain and inflammation, borneol did not impair motor coordination. Another study from 2003 also confirmed that borneol can be used as a topical to numb pain. The results from this study were so promising that it led researchers to suggest that borneol could be a more effective topical anesthetic than the popularly-used lidocaine. In addition to reducing pain and inflammation, borneol can be used to manage anxiety. A 2004 study found that borneol has the ability to positively modulate GABA receptors, which in turn, work to reduce stress. Traditional Chinese medicine used borneol (referred to at the time as moxa) not just for pain, inflammation, and stress, but also for heart disease. Research now proves that borneol does, in fact, possess anti-coagulative properties that can reduce the risk of heart disease. One study in particular shows that it has the potential to prevent rats from having a stroke. Further studies are needed on human subjects. Complimenting all of these benefits is borneol's neuroprotective and antioxidative properties. Studies show that Borneol is a capable of protecting cells from induced toxicity. This unique ability suggests that it is a viable neuroprotectant with the potential to prevent and treat numerous neurodegenerative diseases. If that wasn't enough, borneol is also being researched for its "synergistic effects" with other terpenes, cannabinoids, and medications. Borneol lowers the blood-brain barrier which helps the body absorb a higher percentage of the medication patients receive.